The dearth of investment in human capital in Balochistan


Naseebullah Khan
The richest province of the country with the smallest resources baseline__Balochistan has been facing a serious issue and dearth of investment in human resources. The province has 772 km of coastline which is a heaven of tourism and fisheries whereas the is home to 70 percent of total minerals found in the country. Sadly, the province is marginalized and the poorest in the country. We have seen in the cases of Singapore and China, the governments invested in human resources and youth development, resultantly, there is zero percent unemployment, poverty, and a robust administrative system. The province is on the verge of a collapsing administrative structure. After the independence and with the merger of Princely states in Balochistan, the province has been observing the shocks of bad governance. The officials at that time were either incompetent or were unaware of the problems of the province. Later on, after one unit, the officials who were non-resident and had no knowledge and interests in the development further deteriorated the governing situation. Resultantly, the province did not establish its administrative structure, the shocks of which are still observed. The paucity of institutional building, scarcity of career training, governing skills, and capacity issues in civil officers have been huge stumbling blocks in the development and progress. By and large, the academies for the civil servants are in standstill positions. In the rural academy and Balochistan academy for the training of college lectures and schools teachers, there is no well-organized training and resource availability. This has led to a pathetic governing system in the province. The development projects in the province take years incomplete which further demands extra budgets annually. That ultimately, leads towards financial corruption__the main reason of which has been no working knowledge of the officers, scarcity of Capacity, and monitoring issues. Balochistan is the heaven of natural resources where there are 50 trillion dollars untapped resources as per the report of the former Director-General of Geological Survey of Pakistan Dr. Imran. The exploitation of these untapped resources demands manpower. History witnesses that China and Singapore took development initiatives of manpower, where its utilization helped in the exploitation of resources. For Balochistan, the exploitation of the mines and minerals requires skilled human capital by adopting a pragmatic strategy along with an increase in the capacity building of the civil servants.God has bestowed the province with the asset of youth which is more than 50 percent of the province. Unfortunately, their energies have been wasted by not utilizing them as productive citizens__resultantly, a sense of deprivation and alienation has been felt by them. There is a dire need of establishing professional vocational institutes equipped with new technology and hiring expertise from the market so that to harness the energies and abilities of the Youth. In this regard, a major responsibility is on the shoulders of the governments to formulate coherent strategies and allocate ample budget for it.The question arises that despite being rich in natural resources and having a huge strategic location, why the province is still poor and marginalized. The main reason is the lack of investment in human resources and governance issues. The province still resembles the era of the medieval ages. The resources of trillions of dollars are still untapped and the blue economy which can revolutionize the province has been neglected. The capacity of the civil servants is at a lower degree, which has led the province towards economic ravage and financial corruption. There is a dire need for efficient operation and management and nullifying the rotten laws. A new civil service reforms strategy regarding increasing their capacity through training from the expertise of different fields followed by investing in youth can help in diminishing the miseries and pains of the province. Grooming the talented youth with skills and reforming the civil service for improving the quality of governance, establishing industrial zones, and analysing and correcting insufficient and inefficient policy faultiness can heal the wounds of the down and out and the marginalized province of the country.