Status and Role of Woman in Society

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Bilawal Baloch
Woman is an integral part of society and can also play a greater role in the development of our nation. They have a great potential to lift our nation. Islam has granted an unprecedented spiritual, social, political and cultural status to woman. Islam has assigned a position of dignity and honour to woman. The Holy Quran emphasizes that God in his perfect wisdom has created all species in pairs and so man and woman have been created of    the same species as is said “He created you from a single being then of the same kind made its mate.”(az-Zumar 39:6).The first and foremost important factor is that education must be provided to women as like man meanwhile, The right of females to seek knowledge is not different from that of a male in this regard The Holy prophet (PBUH) said “ Seeking knowledge is mandatory for every Muslim( Al-Bayhaqi) Muslims are used here including both males and females the right to education is ensured. It would be well worth to mention that Islam gave status to woman more than man. Woman is in several relationships such as Mother, Wife, Daughter, and sister, as a mother The Holy Prophet(PBUH) said that “Paradise is at the feet of mothers (Al-Nisa’I, Ibn Majah, Ibn-Hanbal). Importantly, In islam it is right of woman to take opinion from her about spouse.However man’s role of leadership in relation to his family doesn’t mean the husband’s dictatorship over his wife. The husband needs to treat with wife politely and provide all rights as prescribed in Islam. The Holy Prophet Muhammad(PBUH) said: “The best of you is the best to his family and Iam the best among you to my family.” The most perfect believers are the best in conduct and the best of you are those who are best to their wives.”(Ibn-Hanbal). Unfortunately in our country there are various issues confronting women such as Gender inequality, Forced marriages, female illiteracy, female poverty and domestic violence. Moreover, It is sadly to mention that illiterate peoples tortured and harassed to women at various places due to these inhumanity acts girls are being feared of getting education. Furthermore, domestic violence is also increasing day by day due to narrow mindness and illiterate husbands. According to the ‘Global Gender Gap Report 2021’ published by the Word Economic forum Pakistan ranked 153rd out of 156 countries on the gender parity index , Pakistan ranked seventh among eight countries in south Asia. The results of the research manifest that women across the country can contribute only 23.3% of GDP. Undeniably, the data portrays dismal picture of Gender equality the overall assessment is that “progress has stagnant” and that the time needed for Pakistan to close the gender gap is now 136.5 years. The most demoralizing aspect is that if seen in terms of historical perspective, not only we are stagnating; we are sliding precipitously. In 2006, Pakistan came in at 112 in the report: that translates into a drop of 41 places in the latest ranking . The report states that due to COVID-19 pandemic the gender gaps which were already closed have been partially reopened. Gender equality is one of the prime goals of Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs) it tends to reflect on performance of the world towards the achievement of the goal 5 of the SDGs among other goals. It is remarkable to note that once Quaid-e-e Azam said “ There are two powers in the world one is the sword and other is the pen and there is a great competition and Rivalry between the two there is a third power stronger than both that of the woman. They have a right to achieve their dreams and struggle for it so that we need to utilize their talent in right place and admit their stake in country’s progress. It has been perceived that Economic backwardness is the root cause of most of the evils existing in Muslim societies and the Muslim women can fare better. Last but not least, there is need to legislate on issues concerning women like female literacy , employment , female inheritance, participation in cultural and sports activities and their education in science and information technology is highly required for their dignified position in Muslims countries. Male chauvinism, Patriarchal system, social biase, domestic violence , forced marriages, and denial of inheritance need to be done away with to get the woman liberated from the gropes of darkness and backwardness and to ensure them a respected and independent living.