The use of plastic bags is drastically increasing in Pakistan. Around 9.5 million tons of plastics are dumped into the oceans globally. Pakistan uses 60 billion plastic bags annually and we are heading toward a deplorable state and nation that’s why unluckily, the largest river of Pakistan, Indus River has become the second most polluted river of the world. As plastic is not inherently good, and it is composed of major toxic pollutants that have the potential to cause harm to air, land, water and the environment in the form of pollution. Sindh governments ban on polythene use is being openly flouted. Besides political will on the part of government Machinery, lack of awareness among general public, the third main reason for not abandoning plastic or polyethene use is the unavailability of affordable alternative in the market. However potential alternative is available if the government and related departments and non-governmental entities explore, promote and join hands to adopt these. One of such high potential alternative is to promote traditional handicrafts by training, subsidizing the artisans to produce and value add their products for packing and different other use to replace ubiquitous plastic or polyethene made products As Sindh is culturally rich. Many of its cultural products have won the hearts of the people around the world. There is no exaggeration to say that the culture of the Sindh has its own unique identity in the world be it Sindhi Ajrak, Topi (hat) or glazed ceramic, earthenware and terracotta. The indigenous people across the province are engaged for years in making of handmade cultural products from raw materials like straw, clay and cotton to endure their culture. Amid exceeding use of plastic wrappers in packing and packaging of products like confectionery chips, chocolates and sweets many rural villages of Pakistan, particularly of Sindh are infected in plastic. Be it water ponds, cultivated or uncultivated land it can be seen covered with plastic bags and bottles. It would be almost impossible to find a single house not using plastic bags in Pakistan and not a single child who is not purchasing confectionery covered with plastic wrappers. There are thousands of women who are working on different kind of handicraft which can be a good replacement for plastic use.One such woman from a small village Kamal Khan in Johi tehsil of Dadu District is an artisan of straw work which she gained from her ancestors, she is making various types of handicrafts from straws of wheat, date, and rice in which all crafts are hand-woven including baskets, bread pot, hot pot for bread, pain box, vase, hand fan and a few more products, after furnishing and finishing, all the products are being marketed to the nearest market to sell at a very low price. Ms. Yasmin an artisan of straw work is a member of the Community Organization (CO) Emaan formed by Thardeep Rural Development Programme under Sindh Union Council and Community Economic Strengthening Support (SUCCESS) Programme funded by the European Union. She is working for the betterment of community and elimination of poverty in her union council since 2017. While talking to this writer she said she was curious to learn and contribute to the betterment of the environment where we live in, she used to think a bit different from the rest of women from her childhood and she was in quest of an opportunity to express her ideas and finally, her wait came to end when a social development organization initiated a long term progarmme in her village. It was a cold morning when she was invited to participate in three days of community management skills training where she was sensitized and mobilized by Thardeep Rural Development Programme’s team to find ways to mobilize existing resources to get rid of the curse of poverty, social and existing environmental issues and that event created a realization in her that she has to contribute to bringing a positive change in the society, she maintained. She collects wrappers which are being thrown by children after unpacking sweets, chips, Nimkos and other confectionary items after making them all well clean, she turns its upside down and wraps it to each stick/straw of hand-made crafts. As the backside of the most wrappers is shining, glowing and consisting of rainbow colors which directly adorns the products of the artisan and gives an attractive and shiny look to the products. Ms. Moomal Mallah, Capacity Building Officer from Thardeep Rural Development Programme (TRDP) Johi says, “During the formation of Community Organization (CO), she saw Yasmin’s work she found it was different, innovative and environment friendly. She had never watched such eye-catching work in her career in the field of the development sector, and she vowed to promote her work from the platform of TRDP. First-time hand-made items made from straws of wheat covered with wrappers were displayed at an exhibition workshop in johi for sell and all items sold easily amid attractive look and shine. Later the items were displayed by TRDP’s team at HUNARMAND MELA organized by Sindh Indigenous and Traditional Crafts Company (SITCO) at Hyderabad Museum and Art Council Karachi where the products got the attention of peoples from different walks of life, many of them ordered as well. There are thousands of such women which need to be approached, encouraged, trained and extended financial support to value add, start and expand their business. The trade is an innovative environment friendly. coming generating can also be listed among top trades if we will have more artisans of straw-wrappers work we may contribute to the cleanliness of the environment we are surrounded by and can save thousands of marine species live.” Mr Farooque Ali Babar Field Officer of Hand in Hand with Educated and Labour People (HHELP-Sindh) a youth-led a non-profit organization working in District Dadu on human and animal rights in response to a question said that promotion of traditional handicrafts especially those which can be used in place of common plastic made products will not only help reduced use of plastic but at the same time will help in the reduction of rural poverty and empowerment of women. The TRDP SUCCESS model has a high potential for gradually replacing the highly harmful polyethene products. The replication can take place throughout the country and with government support it can work wonder with focus to replace existing polyethene products of daily use. This will not only help in reducing polyethene use but will give new lease of life to the rapidly disappearing beautiful handicraft of Sindh and also Pakistan. On the one hand, the initiative would have better environment-friendly economic boost and on the other hand it will preserve traditional cultural products.
(-The writer is human and animal rights defender .)