Naseebullah Khan
Though historians and academia have diverse opinions about the historical background of the Pashtun and Pashto languages, all are agreed that Afghanistan has been the birthplace of this nation and its language. Herodotus writes that the Pashto language is 2400 years old, whereas it is written in Rigveda that the age of the Pashto language is 3380 years. On the flip side, Pashtun literary figures Qazi Abdul Halim Sharar opines that it is 7000 years ancient language. Undoubtedly, the contribution of Pashtun living in Pakistan, throughout the world, and the contribution of the Orientalist in the promotion of the Pashto language is laudable, but the collaboration of Afghanistan’s literary figures and the governments of Afghanistan supersede all. The first know Pashtoon poet Amir Karor belonged to Ghor Province Afghanistan. Despite him, numerous figures who can be considered the pioneers of the language belonged to the same Afghan land such as Bayazeed Roshan who was famous as Peer Roshan__who started the Roshani movement and wrote a book Khairulbayan along with the inclusion of 13 more words into Pashto alphabets, AkhundDarwaza the author of Makhzan Afghani, and Makhzan Islam, SulamanMaku who authored TazkiraAwlia, Nazo Ana, the mother of Afghanistan King Mirwais Khan Hotak, Ahmad Shah Abdali, Muhammad HashimZamani, Sulman Laiq, Noor Muhammad Tarakai, Malang Jan, Habibullah Rafi, Peer Muhammad Karwan, and Abdul Jahani. Notwithstanding, the icons of Pashto literature Khushal Khan Khatak and Abdul Rehman Baba, who were living in an occupied area of Afghanistan by the Britishers, can also be termed as monumental pillars of the Pashto language. There are two reasons which we can mention that helps in support of the argument that Afghanistan has been the protector of the Pashto language. Number one is that the language has not been polluted by other languages and the language spoken or written there is the pure form of Pashto. The people of Afghanistan speak the genuine Pashto language without the inclusion of the words of other languages. We can assess this when we watch Pashto Televisions programs and writing in the newspapers and Magazine. While these factors lack Pakistani Pashto writing and speaking. The pertinent reason that has alive the Pashto language in Afghanistan is the services of the governments for the language. Along with the Dari language, Pashto has been the official language of the Country. It has been taught as a Compulsory language from nursery class to University. On the flip side, the governments of Afghanistan have time and again taken steps in the publications of Pashto books, thousand in numbers of the authors. What we observe is the progress or the preservation of the Pashto language__the credit goes to present Afghanistan. Although the Pashtun literary personalities in Pakistan, the Orientalists, and the rest of Pashtuns living across the globe have burned the midnight oil for the progress of the mother Pashto, the collaboration of present Afghanistan is far greater

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