Waseem Ahmed
The word hepatitis has been derived from two Greek words ‘Hepat-‘ meaning liver and ‘Itis’ meaning inflammation, from it, we can simply know the meaning of hepatitis ‘Inflammation of liver’. When the liver is attacked by any virus so the liver is damaged which further causes liver inflammation. In the initial stages, hepatitis is not that much chronic but when it is not treated so it causes cirrhosis and liver cancer which lead to death. It needs to be noted that the affected person does not know that whether he is affected by hepatitis or not unless he consults a doctor or goes for diagnosis. If the patient is not treated on time, he might die. The five types of hepatitis are hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. Hepatitis A is not that much chronic while B, C, and D are chronic and ongoing. And hepatitis E is dangerous in pregnant women. All types of hepatitis are mostly transmitted by using contaminated water or food, sharing things with others such as razors, reusing syringes, and so on. Moreover, excessive use of alcohol and drugs can also cause chronic hepatitis. Alcohol damages the liver severely, it can also be called alcoholic hepatitis. Common symptoms of hepatitis are as likely: fatigue, flu-like symptoms, dark urine, pale stool, abdominal pain, etc.Hepatitis is drastically increasing. It has agitated the world. Viral hepatitis is considered the eighth highest cause of mortality globally.Reports reveal that hepatitis caused 1.34 million deaths in 2015 globally and it is estimated that the figure will surge 20 million by 2030. Pakistan has the highest prevalence of Hepatitis C after Egypt. Furthermore, more than 150,000 new cases of hepatitis are reported yearly. The government and authorities concerned need to take steps and ensure that the mortality rate due to hepatitis is lowered. Hence, the public should also take care and use precautionary measures to lower increasing hepatitis. Vaccination is an important key to prevent hepatitis. When people find any symptom of hepatitis, they should consult a doctor.

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