Afghanistan peace process and its recent developments


Barkat Ullah
Nineteen years ago, several factors made the United States of America along with its allies to invade on Afghanistan. Earlier, on the 9th of September 2002, al Qaeda launched several attacks on US world trade center which killed more than three thousand US citizens and left several thousand injured. At that time the top leadership of al Qaeda was based on Afghanistan, a reason for the US to attack it. Moreover, the US claimed that, the Taliban’s regime is seriously involved in violating human rights especially that of women, so to ensure those rights back, the US launched an attack on Afghanistan. After the invasion of Afghanistan, the international politics was mostly dominated by the global war on terror. In last year, on the 29th of February 2020, the US signed a peace deal with Taliban to find a peaceful settlement of the two decades lengthy conflict. Several political commentators call it a victory of Taliban while others name it success of US. In my opinion no one should claim a victory by pursuing a peace deal, rather it can be called a bilateral compromise as both parties agreed to surrender their wills to conditions presented from both sides. For instance, the US invaded Afghanistan to pursue its so- called claim of restoring human right, for which it destroyed almost everything for two decades. According to western allies those were the Taliban regime who was greatly involved in these violations, but finally the US agreed to conduct the negotiations with the same leadership of Taliban which shown its compromise regarding the issue. Similarly, in case of Taliban compromise occurred on several occasions as well. For instance, one of the main reasons for invading the Afghanistan by the US was that Taliban refused to handover the suspect leadership of al Qaeda to US that were involved in 9/11 attacks. The US invaded it by claiming that it is a safe heaven for terrorists which is a threat to regional and global peace. Currently in the peace talks, one of the main points of the agreement is that Taliban will never allow any terrorist organization to use Afghanistan’s soil for disturbing regional peace or domestic stability of any neighbor state. This shows that in past how Taliban made the situations uncertain by refusing to eliminate terrorists from its territory, to which they are agreeing now. However, one might call it a big achievement or victory of Taliban as US and other international actors accepted its political status. Once the US and its western allies attacked on Taliban very aggressively and the then president Bush gave famous remarks of tightening the screws on them, but later on the things have completely changed and they are now dealt as political actors. The US acknowledges its significant role in Afghanistan politics and tending to bring them into political structure of Afghanistan. Those prisoners who were treated and tortured very harshly in US torture cells are now dealt as genuine diplomats which shows the fact of Taliban political arrival in Afghanistan. Along with all these efforts as a reconciliatory process several actors don’t want peace and stability in Afghanistan. several Bomb blasts in Afghanistan in schools and Masques are the tactics to sabotage the peace talks in the country. Those who are involved in the attacks on innocent citizens don’t want any peaceful solution to the prolong conflict. The question is who are they? Either Taliban or the US or it’s allied forces. As for as my analysis is concerned both don’t have any links in these attacks because both don’t want to extend war. The United States of America invaded Afghanistan to eradicate Taliban regime, but it has lost billions of dollars and has realized the fact that the only solution to the war is peaceful settlement. Similarly, Taliban are also tired of this long conflict and want an end to these uncertain situations. The economic development of Pakistan is greatly linked with peace and stability in Afghanistan, as it is a gateway to mineral rich central Asian states. Moreover, Pakistan is greatly engaged with China in economic partnership in shape of CPEC, which will be greatly influential only when there is peace and stability on the northwestern border of Pakistan. Keeping all these circumstances in mind, one can not ignore Indian factor in spreading instability and ruining the peace talks in Afghanistan. Instead of doing blame game and emotional actions, it is the responsibility of Ghani’s regime to realize the situations and act accordingly, if it wants an end to a war. A war which has not only destroyed Afghanistan but has its impacts on the whole region as well.