Endgame or startup of chaos in Afghanistan

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Wajahat Abro
At the advent of 20th anniversary of the war on terror, the U.S., has announced to withdraw all its troops from Afghanistan by September 11, 2021. Even when Biden was vice president under Obama administration, he wanted to exit the US involvement from Afghanistan.    “The U.S. went into Afghanistan in 2001 to defeat those who attacked the U.S. on 9/11,” Senator Tim Kaine, Democrat of Virginia, said in a statement. “It is now time to bring our troops home, maintain humanitarian and diplomatic support for a partner nation, and refocus American national security on the most pressing challenges we face.” Decision of withdrawing all troops, numbering 2,500, from the war-torn country may create a much more controversy, chaos and destruction in the country particularly and the region generally. However, it seems that it would be a blander to handover Afghan territory under bad hands. Before withdrawal of the entire troops, intra-Afghan peace process is need of the town. As the Republicans has asserted on the Biden’s decision: “This is a reckless and dangerous decision,” said Senator James M. Inhofe of Oklahoma, the ranking Republican on the Senate Armed Services Committee. “Arbitrary deadlines would likely put our troops in danger, jeopardize all the progress we’ve made, and lead to civil war in Afghanistan — and create a breeding ground for international terrorists.” The decision of withdrawal of the all troops from Afghanistan has become a flashpoint between Taliban and the U.S. government. Taliban had declared that they won’t compromise on any delay as negotiated with Trump for May 1st. Mr: Biden has expanded the date of withdrawal from May 1, to September 11, now it seems Taliban would never compromise any further delay. Let’s see what happens in the interesting game. As, the U.S may not compromise a complete withdrawal from the country as it has to keep an eagle eyes over the region through engaging its troops in Afghanistan. On contrary, Taliban have threatened to attack on American troops, if the decision doesn’t come in their favor. Surpassing the Pentagon’s preference for a conditions-based drawdown, If Biden withdraws all his troops, he has to find another way out to keep a torch on middle eastern region. Taliban have already reiterated that they have won the war. The very idea has weakened the political system of afghanistan and created chaotic situation. They have maintained the upper hand in almost all affairs of the country and negated the idea of power-sharing ordered by America. Taliban are dictating the internal and the external issues of the Afghan government through influencing the country’s anxious foreign interlocutor. Earlier the negotiation was held between Taliban and the U.S., which led the conclusion of withdrawing of all troops by May 1, in exchange, Taliban agreed to stop attacks on foreign forces, cut ties with Al-Qaeda and maintain cordial relations with Afghan government. But, it seems Taliban would not respect the deal. Even, they would control over the left places of Afghanistan after the withdrawal of all troops by 11 September. U.S., Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Mark Milley, called the withdrawal “a complex operation and not without risk. “We have begun a deliberate coordinated responsible retrograde of US military personnel from Afghanistan. This is a complex operation and not without risk. And it will unfold over the coming weeks.” However, the ball of decision is in the hands of Taliban to decide the future of Afghanistan unless the untiring efforts are taken by Mr: Biden to enforce all energy to convince Taliban on intra-Afghan peace process. Ultimately, the fate of Afghan peace and prosperity lies in American  At the advent of 20th anniversary of the war on terror, the U.S., has announced to withdraw all its troops from Afghanistan by September 11, 2021. Even when Biden was vice president under Obama administration, he wanted to exit the US involvement from Afghanistan. “The U.S. went into Afghanistan in 2001 to defeat those who attacked the U.S. on 9/11,” Senator Tim Kaine, Democrat of Virginia, said in a statement. “It is now time to bring our troops home, maintain humanitarian and diplomatic support for a partner nation, and refocus American national security on the most pressing challenges we face.” Decision of withdrawing all troops, numbering 2,500, from the war-torn country may create a much more controversy, chaos and destruction in the country particularly and the region generally. However, it seems that it would be a blander to handover Afghan territory under bad hands. Before withdrawal of the entire troops, intra-Afghan peace process is need of the town. As the Republicans has asserted on the Biden’s decision: “This is a reckless and dangerous decision,” said Senator James M. Inhofe of Oklahoma, the ranking Republican on the Senate Armed Services Committee. “Arbitrary deadlines would likely put our troops in danger, jeopardize all the progress we’ve made, and lead to civil war in Afghanistan — and create a breeding ground for international terrorists.” The decision of withdrawal of the all troops from Afghanistan has become a flashpoint between Taliban and the U.S. government. Taliban had declared that they won’t compromise on any delay as negotiated with Trump for May 1st. Mr: Biden has expanded the date of withdrawal from May 1, to September 11, now it seems Taliban would never compromise any further delay. Let’s see what happens in the interesting game. As, the U.S may not compromise a complete withdrawal from the country as it has to keep an eagle eyes over the region through engaging its troops in Afghanistan. On contrary, Taliban have threatened to attack on American troops, if the decision doesn’t come in their favor. Surpassing the Pentagon’s preference for a conditions-based drawdown, If Biden withdraws all his troops, he has to find another way out to keep a torch on middle eastern region. Taliban have already reiterated that they have won the war. The very idea has weakened the political system of afghanistan and created chaotic situation. They have maintained the upper hand in almost all affairs of the country and negated the idea of power-sharing ordered by America. Taliban are dictating the internal and the external issues of the Afghan government through influencing the country’s anxious foreign interlocutor. Earlier the negotiation was held between Taliban and the U.S., which led the conclusion of withdrawing of all troops by May 1, in exchange, Taliban agreed to stop attacks on foreign forces, cut ties with Al-Qaeda and maintain cordial relations with Afghan government. But, it seems Taliban would not respect the deal. Even, they would control over the left places of Afghanistan after the withdrawal of all troops by 11 September. U.S., Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Mark Milley, called the withdrawal “a complex operation and not without risk. “We have begun a deliberate coordinated responsible retrograde of US military personnel from Afghanistan. This is a complex operation and not without risk. And it will unfold over the coming weeks.” However, the ball of decision is in the hands of Taliban to decide the future of Afghanistan unless the untiring efforts are taken by Mr: Biden to enforce all energy to convince Taliban on intra-Afghan peace process. Ultimately, the fate of Afghan peace and prosperity lies in American polices, and will be measured after withdrawal decision. Before the announcement of withdrawal of the troops from Afghanistan, Istanbul Conference was widely discussed by U.S officials. In this regard, a letter was sent to President Ashraf Ghani by the Secretary of State, Antony Blinken, which laid down some major American polices to ensure peace in the war-torn county. However, one of the key components of the proposal is a UN-led peace conference in Turkey attended by regional and other powers to make a concrete policies to bring peace in Afghanistan. The conference will mainly focus on a proper negotiation, a roadmap to peaceful and prosperous political settlement and an end to the long-lasting conflict. There seems a dire need of such a conference to bring peace and prosperity in the region. It is high time all stakeholders accelerated the proposal to a significant pace otherwise the country would lead to further deterioration. Afghanistan has long been facing volatile times ranging from human rights violation, political instability, peace distortion to lingering economic muscles, exploitation of foreign powers and misleading of women rights. Now, it is high time all stakeholders, regional powers and international organizations intervened into peace process and ensured a stable Afghanistan where human rights must be entertained equally. Taliban must be enforced to strictly follow the intra-Afghan peace process. A new constitution should be recognized which entails power-sharing between Taliban and the Afghan regime in political, social and military affairs. Besides it, women, who have long been deprived of basic rights of education, work and freedom, ought to be prioritized and respected in all walks of life. Without the key role played by Pakistan, peace process of Afghanistan would remain a dream. Thus, Islamabad has to play a positive diplomatic card, coordinated with China, to secure the region from terrorists activities.