“Rehabilitation of Refugees Along LOC”

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Muhammad Saddique Lone
More than three decades ago, Pakistan warmly welcomed Kashmiris from lOC. But, after 30 years this might not be possible to rehabilitate them permanently and resolve the issues effectively. In 1965, there were 12,000 refugees of Kashmiri origin in Pakistan, who had voting rights in elections of Azad Jammu and Kashmir. They were given an equal amount of representation in the election as the 108,000 Jammu refugees. In 1990-91, there were 410,000 refugee voters, compared to 1.2 million Azad Kashmir residents. The refugees continued to receive higher representation in the legislatures compared to the residents, Kashmiris being favoured more but in 90s they cancelled about all the quota of resident refugees Azad kashmir.During the 1990s around 50,000 Kashmiris fled from Indian administered Kashmir to Pakistan, which as of 2010 had not granted citizenship to up to 40 per cent of the refugees.Ms Lucas suggests that the Pakistani government has been slow in providing citizenship to the refugees because doing so might nullify their right to self-determination.The last 16 years have witnessed continuous pouring of Kashmiris into different parts of Azad Kashmir. The suppression, gross human rights violations and relentless atrocities in Indian Held Kashmir (IHK) leave little choice for them but to seek refuge across the line of control (LoC). Unprecedented number and wild attitude of the Indian occupational forces point to a vicious mission. The accomplishment seems to be heavily dependent on the successful outcome of either thorough subjugation or mass displacement of people. The latter seems to be working. These displaced from the war torn region, IHK, are faced with too many problems. Ironically they can neither expect to be treated as immigrants in the real sense of the term nor can they be taken as formal refugees. For all practical purposes, they are forced to find a new sanctuary in the same territory, though disputed and superficially demarcated, called Kashmir. This article, in this backdrop, uses the term refugee to describe the individuals and families who have moved across the line of control and now living in designated camps in Azad Kashmir. Coming from an already deprived region, these refugees are going through tremendous hardship. The assistance provided to them merely suffices for their day to day survival. The international agencies such as UNHCR, known for taking care of displaced world over, are non-existent here. The other non governmental organizations are also not showing any interest in providing relief and sustainable assistance to improve their living standard or the quality of life. The piece discusses in detail the background of migration and the current state of affairs. It sheds light on legal and constitutional context and refugees’ right to return to their hometowns. The main issues of refugees 1990 is to grant betterment of infrastructure in their camps. OIC , UNO , President ,Prime Minister and much more delegations visited their camps because the community is from Indian occupied Kashmir . There is no responsible Government who can take refugees in national interest. Burhan , Prof Manan Got embraced Shihadat in the name of Pakistan. Our forefathers gave us a Slogan “Kashmir Bany Ga Pakistan”. We demand a special quota for refugees . If the refugees residing in Pakistan can get a seat in the Assembly under the quota system, then a large number of refugees from 1989 have been living in Azad Kashmir for a period of 30 years. Quotas should also be allocated for them. All governments have failed miserably in resolving the issue of refugees. Disappointed by the treatment of stepmothers in their own state, they have made this decision. Hopefully, the decision will be fair. We want to raise our voice and the voice of Kashmir. The freedom movement has been the key role of the refugees in Kashmir, but our independence has no purpose until the complete liberation of the occupied valley?The study also brings in to focus the plight of refugees and their crucial economical, social, educational and health related issues. It also discusses the government’s limitations and lack of seriousness towards addressing their problems wholeheartedly. In the end, the paper offers plausible measures for dealing with their problems and points to a concrete yet long-term strategy for their rehabilitation as an imperative.    years. Quotas should also be allocated for them. All governments have failed miserably in resolving the issue of refugees. Disappointed by the treatment of stepmothers in their own state, they have made this decision. Hopefully, the decision will be fair. We want to raise our voice and the voice of Kashmir. The freedom movement has been the key role of the refugees in Kashmir, but our independence has no purpose until the complete liberation of the occupied valley?The study also brings in to focus the plight of refugees and their crucial economical, social, educational and health related issues. It also discusses the government’s limitations and lack of seriousness towards addressing their problems wholeheartedly. In the end, the paper offers plausible measures for dealing with their problems and points to a concrete yet long-term strategy for their rehabilitation as an imperative.