Kashmir challenge


Naseebullah Achakzai
The Kashmiri matter. They have been deprived, brutalised, and victimised. The Indian atrocities and genocide have affected every single family. The human rights violations on the part of Hindutva state have been further challenging the charters of human rights organizations and the UNO. The Kashmir challenge is an unfulfilled promise of the UNO and the world. Sanity demands that Pakistan and India should fight inadequate social indicators and environmental  risks. The illegal annexation of Kashmir, followed by lockdown has spotlighted it again. The Article 370 and 35A have again triggered and inflamed the resistance of the oppressed Kashmiris. The violation of human rights by the Indian forces, and deprivation of the people of Kashmir from basic human rights have further provided fuel to the already pathetic situation in the valley. One thing is for sure, neither bullet can be the solution of this issue, nor the Kashmiris could be silent through barbarousness and inhumanness. Pakistan has always been a supporter of peaceful settlement of the issue. Time and again it has offered dialogue to the Indian governments. Dolefully, the stubbornness on the part of India has been a huge obstacle. Resultantly, three wars have been fought. Daily skirmishes on the border engulf precious lives. Billions of dollars are poured. Both states are armed with nuclear bombs. Any misshape can turn the region into hell.The Indian mantra of calling the freedom struggle of the people of Kashmir terrorism is beyond the fundamentals of basic rights, international law and the UNO. the UNO has time and again acknowledged the freedom struggle of The Kashmiris as self-determination. It is an undisputed basic theme of the international law that any armed struggle and resistance against any occupation or repression cannot be justified as terrorism. Accordingly, in 1982, reaffirmed the legality of the struggle of the people for freedom, unity, integrity from colonial or foreign domination. Nevertheless, according to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (the ICCPR), all peoples have the right to self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development. The policy and resolutions of the UNO with regard to the issue of Kashmir is a clear cut acceptance of the struggle as self-determination.Nevertheless, the Geneva Genocide Commission 1948, assuredly indicates the Indian genocide in Kashmir. The Human rights violations on the part of India in Kashmir are also against the UNDR charter. Kashmir is a challenge for Pakistan, India, and specifically for the UNO. Despite spending billions of dollars on warfare both Pakistan and India should fight against illiteracy, poverty, global warming, unemployment, health hazards, and other social issues. It would only be possible once the issue of decades old Kashmir is resolved. As for as the UNO is concerned, it must wake up from deep slumber. It must abide by its promise of providing self-determination the people of Kashmir according to its own charter and 47 resolutions that it has passed. Insomuch as the issue of Kashmir is not settled, the UNO as a successful organization would be a wishful dream.