Are China and Russia Strengthening Iran?

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Naeem Kandwal:
(Parliament Times): In the global politics, The United States has been called the traditional rival of China, Iran and Russia. Russia, Iran and China have deep ties because they have a common rival. That is why these three countries protect each others interests. Russia and China have always opposed anti- Iran resolutions in the Security Council. Russia and China are World Powers. Iran is not a global power, but it remains the center of attention due to its fierce rivalry with the United States. Past and present contact between Russia and Iran have long been complicatedly multi-faceted; often wavering between collaboration and rivalry. The two nations have a long history of geographic, economic, and socio-political interaction. Currently Russia and Iran act as economic partners to one another, since both countries are under sanctions by much of the Western world. Vladimir Putin with Ali Khamenei during a state visit to Tehran in September 2018. Since the fall of the Soviet Union, the two neighboring nations have generally enjoyed very close cordial relations.  Iran and Russia are strategic allies and form an axis in the Caucasus alongside Armenia. Iran and Russia are also military allies in the conflicts in Syria and Iraq and partners in Afghanistan and post-Soviet Central Asia. Due to Western economic sanctions on Iran, Russia has become a key trading partner, especially in regard to the former excess oil reserves. Militarily, Iran is the only country in Western Asia that has been invited to join the Collective Security Treaty Organization, Russia own international treaty organization in response to NATO. While much of the Iranian military uses Iranian-manufactured weapons and domestic hardware, Iran still purchases some weapons systems from Russia. In turn, Iran has helped Russia with its drone technology and other military technology. Iran has its embassy in Moscow and consulates in the cities of Astrakhan and Kazan. Russia has its embassy in Tehran, and consulates in Rasht and Isfahan. China and Iran have close ties. China has been Iranlargest buyer of oil and gas despite sanctions. In fact after the JCPOA was signed in July 2015, China and Iran agreed to expand trade relations to $600 billion in ten years from January 2016, on the occasion when Xi Jinping paid Hassan Rouhani a state visit. This constitutes an increase of over 1,000%.The agreement was concordant with One Belt, One Road framework. A total of 17 agreements were signed, including one which relates to the Iranian nuclear program. The Chinese will help connect Tehran with Mashhad via their high-speed rail technology. China has been Iran crude oil sink since the JCPOA was signed. In 2017, 64% of an export total $16.9 billion with China was crude oil. A huge, 25-year deal was signed that would see $400 billion of Chinese investment in Iranian energy and transport infrastructure in return for oil supplies discounted by as much as 32 percent, along with ramped up security cooperation that might involve Chinese troop deployments and the transfer of Persian Gulf islands to Beijing’s control. Some believe that China and Russia are strengthening Iran. In an interview with the Tehran Times, Jon R. Taylor, professor of political science and geography at the University of Texas, notes that “China and Russia have an interest in improving Iran’s military capabilities and its economy.” I think that partnership might be a better word to use here rather than a coalition. Both China and Russia share an interest in opposing U.S. sanctions on Iran. The partnership is as much economic as it is political or military. Both China and Russia have an interest in improving Iran’s military capabilities and its economy. For example, the 25-Year Comprehensive Partnership, part of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, has fostered Chinese investments to upgrade Iran’s oil, gas, and petrochemical industries and to improve the country’s overland transportation. China is also financing upgrades to Iran’s ports. He added The question is, are China and Russia strengthening iran? If so, What is the reason? The answer is that China and Russia are reluctantly strenghening Iran. The reason is that, Russia considers the United States its worst enemy since the failure of the Soviet Union, while an economic war is raging between China and the United States. The second reason is that Iran is the only country in the region that is an ideological friend of china due to US hostility.So we can say that China and Russia are strengthening Iran.