Antisocial personality disorder , sometimes called sociopathy, is a mental disorder in which a person shows no regard for right and wrong and ignores the rights and feelings of others. People with antisocial personality disorder tend to antagonize , manipulate or treat others harshly or with callous indifference. They show no guilt or remorse for their behavior. Individuals with antisocial personality disorder often violate the law, becoming criminals. They may lie, behave violently or impulsively, and have problems with drug and alcohol use. Because of these characteristics , people with this disorder typically can’t fulfill responsibilities related to family, work or school Antisocial personality disorder signs may include : Disregard for right and wrong. Persistent lying or deceit to exploit others. Being callous , cynical and disrespectful if others. Using charm or wit to manipulate others for personal gain or personal pleasure. Arrogance , a since of superiority and being extremely opinionated . Recurring problems with the law, including criminal behavior. Repeatedly violating the rights of others through intimidating and dishonesty. Impulsiveness or failure to plan ahead. Hostility, significant irritability, agitation aggression or violence. Lack of empathy for others and lack of remorse about harming others.
Poor or abusive relationships. Failure to consider the negative consequences of behavior or learn for them. Being consistently irresponsible and repeatedly failing to fulfill work or financial obligations. Adults with antisocial personality disorder typically show symptoms of conduct disorder before the age of 15. Signs and symptoms of conduct disorder include serious , persistent behavior problems, such as: Aggression towards people and animals Destruction of property Deceitfulness Theft Serious violation of rule Although antisocial personality disorder is considered lifelong, in some people, certain symptoms -particularly destructive and criminals behavior-may decrease overtime. But it’s not clear whether this decrease is a result of aging or an increased awareness of the consequences of antisocial behavior. Certain factors seem to increase the risk of developing antisocial personality disorder , such as: Diagnosis of childhood conduct disorder Family history of personality disorder or mental health disorders Being subjected to abuse or neglect during childhood Men are at greater risk of having antisocial personality disorder than women. Personality is the combination of thoughts , emotions and behaviors that makes everyone unique. It’s the way people view, understand and relate to the outside world ,as well as how they see themselves. Personality forms during childhood, shapes through an interaction of inherited tendencies and environmental factors. The exact causes of antisocial personality disorder is not known but: Genes may make you vulnerable to developing antisocial personality disorder- and life situations may Tigger it’s development Changes in the way the brain functions may have resulted during brain development Complication, consequences and problems of antisocial personality disorder may include, for example: Spouse abuse or child abuse or neglect Problems with alcohol or substance use Being in jail or prison Homicidal or suicidal behaviors Low social and economics status and homelessness Premature death, usually as a result of violence People with this illness may seem charming on the surface, but they are likely to be irritable and aggressive as well as irresponsible. They may have numerous somatic complaints and perhaps attempt suicide. Due to their manipulate tendencies, it is difficult to tell whether they are lying are or telling the truth. The diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder is not given to individuals under the age of 18 but is given only If there is a history of some symptoms of conduct disease before age 15. Antisocial personality disorder is found among males than in females. The highest prevalence of antisocial personality disorder is found among males who abuse alcohol or drugs who are in prisons or other forensic settings.
(-The writer is a Riphah International University.)