Outbreak, Pre Illness and Post Illness Precautions from the deadliest Covid-19

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Tooba Irshad
Diseases spread by viruses killed millions of people. COVID-19 outbreak was the first time experienced in the Wuhan City of China at the end of December 2019, which spread rapidly in China and then worldwide in 209 countries of America, Europe, Australia and Asia including Pakistan. There are more than fifty thousand mortalities and one million-plus people have been affected worldwide. Different steps have been taken worldwide for the control of COVID-19. Even with fewer resources Pakistan also has taken rigorous measures like designed special hospitals, Laboratories for testing, quarantine facilities, awareness campaign and lockdown to control the spread of the virus. We highlighted the efforts of the government to combat this deadly pneumonia. Humans have been battling viruses since before our species had even evolved into its modern form. For some viral diseases, vaccines and antiviral drugs have allowed us to keep infections from spreading widely, and have helped sick people recover. But there are other viruses out there that are equally deadly, and some that are even deadlier. Some viruses, including the novel coronavirus currently driving outbreaks around the globe, have lower fatality rates, but still pose a serious threat to public health as we don’t yet have the means to combat them. There are many worst killers, based on the likelihood that a person will die if they are infected with one of them. The sheer numbers of people they have killed, and whether they represent a growing threat. Scientists identified the Marburg virus in 1967, when small outbreaks occurred among lab workers in Germany who were exposed to infected monkeys imported from Uganda. The infected people develop high fevers and bleeding throughout the body that can lead to shock, organ failure and death. Rabies destroys the brain, it’s a really, really bad disease. In the modern world, the deadliest virus of all may be HIV. It is still the biggest killer. Humans also have battled smallpox for thousands of years, and the disease killed about 1 in 3 of those it infected. It left survivors with deep, permanent scars and, often, blindness. The most deadly flu pandemic, called the Spanish flu, began in 1918 and sickened up to 40% of the world’s population, killing an estimated 50 million people. SARS-CoV-2 belongs to the same large family of viruses as SARS-CoV, known as coronaviruses. The term “corona” is derived from the Latin word corona, meaning “crown” or “wreath”. The word “coronavirus” was first used in print in 1968 by an informal group of virologists in the journal “Nature” to designate the new family of viruses. People who are older or have underlying health conditions seem to be most at risk of having severe disease or complications. Common symptoms include fever, dry cough and shortness of breath, and the disease can progress to pneumonia in severe cases. It was first identified in December 2019 in the Chinese city of Wuhan. Cases of coronavirus had also been confirmed in Japan, Republic of Korea, Vietnam, Singapore, Australia, Malaysia, Cambodia, Thailand, Nepal Sri Lanka, United States of America, Canada, France, Germany, Pakistan and the United Arab Emirates. The virus likely originated in bats, like SARS-CoV, and passed through an intermediate animal before infecting people. Since its appearance, the virus has infected tens of thousands of people in China and thousands of others worldwide. The outbreak prompted an extensive quarantine of Wuhan and nearby cities, restrictions on travel to and from affected countries and a worldwide effort to develop diagnostics, treatments and vaccines. Cases of coronavirus had also been confirmed in the Republic of Korea, Vietnam, Singapore, Australia, Malaysia, Cambodia, Thailand, Nepal Sri Lanka, Unites States of America, Canada, France, Germany, Pakistan and the United Arab Emirates and kill3d thousands of people. You can save yourself from coronavirus if you stay aware of the latest COVID-19 information by regularly checking updates from WHO and your national and local public health authorities. If COVID-19 is spreading in your community, stay safe by taking some simple precautions, such as physical distancing, wearing a mask, keeping rooms well ventilated, avoiding crowds, cleaning your hands, and coughing into a bent elbow or tissue. Check local advice where you live and work. Clean your hands before you put your mask on, as well as before and after you take it off. Make sure it covers your nose, mouth and chin. Wear a fabric mask unless you’re in a particular risk group. This is especially important when you can’t stay physically distanced, particularly in crowded and poorly ventilated indoor settings. Wear a medical/surgical facemask if you: Are over 60 years, Have underlying medical conditions, Are feeling unwell, and/or Are looking after an ill family member. Meet people outside. Outdoor gatherings are safer than indoor ones, particularly if indoor spaces are small and without outdoor air coming in. Open a window will increase the amount of ‘natural ventilation’ when indoors. If you are caught by coronavirus then the person who is sick can’t wear a cloth face covering (or face mask), but caregivers must wear one while they’re in the same room. Make sure shared spaces in the home have good airflow. You can open a window or turn on an air filter or air conditioner. Do not allow visitors into your home. This includes children and adults. All household members should wash their hands well and often. Wash with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, or use alcohol-based hand sanitizer. Wash the sick person’s clothing, bedding, and towels with detergent on the hottest temperature possible. Wear gloves when handling their laundry, if possible. Wash your hands well after handling the laundry (even if you wore gloves). Every day, use a household cleaner or wipe to clean things that get touched a lot. These include doorknobs, light switches, toys, remote controls, sink handles, counters, and phones. Keep a sick child’s toys separate from other toys, if possible.

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