Change of power in US and world expectations

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Barkat Ullah
Being a major power and a chief promoter of liberal democratic norms, the US has a dominant say in international affairs, therefore everyone is eyeing towards the new democratic change in the USA. The elections process has completed in the US, Joe Biden has won it and is about to become the 46th president of the United States of America. Biden’s level of interaction and analysis is different from that of Donald Trump, therefore various states expect change in US approach towards them in a number of aspects of international politics. In the Trump’s era, the cold war between the US and China got more intensity. In this regard, the US not only blamed China for spreading the corona, a pandemic which caused a huge damage to the global economy, but it also criticized China for its economic policies. Similarly, Belt Road initiative, a grant geo strategic and major economic ambition of China is also considered as a threat by US towards its strategic planning. China Pakistan economic corridor, CPEC is also denounced by Trump administration a number of time and declared it a threat to the Pakistan’s sovereignty. After the completion of elections in US, Trump has to leave the office and the transfer of power will occur. Joe Biden will take charge who has served the US as a vice president earlier in Obama’s administration. During that time, the Obama’s government did not criticize CPEC like the current Trump administration, in fact the former declared it an opportunity for uplifting Pakistan’s economic and social infrastructure. This time the same democratic party is back in power so Pakistan expects the same from them. Moreover, CPEC is one of the main projects under the Banner of Belt Road Initiative, BRI has spread almost in the whole world, more than 117 states are its part, the US should realize the fact that it has missed the train now it has to manage with it. The Biden’s administration knows the fact and they will adopt the policy of engagement and dialogue with China over these matters unlike Trump aggressive approach. Against China the substance might be the same because every state prioritizes its interests first, but the aggressive stance will change. During the Obama’s administration in 2015, the US made a deal with Iran on their nuclear ambitions. The deal calls Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action JCPOA, an agreement with Iran to put limitations on its nuclear activities in exchange of some reliefs in sanctions. In 2018, Trump administration adopted an intense stance against Iran and cancelled the nuclear deal with Iran, which brought more sanctions for Iran. These bans and sanctions on Iran brought a huge damage to Iran economy. As Joe Biden was the part of Obama’s rule during the time of JCPOA, a number of political analysts predict a revival of the old nuclear deal with Iran. Joe Biden has more calculated and responsible approach as compare to Trump, therefore many keep a hope of negotiations and dialogue from him regarding Iran. The American people have elected Joe Biden for not only uplifting the economy and countering corona pandemic, but to bring the US towards multilateralism. Under the Trump era, the United states was involved in actions that were based on unilateralism, which suffered the USA a lot. In his elections campaign, Joe Biden argued a number of times that “America first” approach has pushed the US into “America Alone” and that we will bring it back to perform active role in world affairs so that it can lead the world once again. So, one of the main agendas of Biden administration will be to put back the US on the principles of multilateralism. Also, in Afghanistan, he will want a peaceful withdrawal of his troops and a suitable solution to the prolong dispute. The American support for India and its engagement in the region is the long-term objective of US foreign policy, for countering China, but it will not support or remain silent on the brutalities of India in Kashmir. During Trump era, the US remained silent on India’s discriminatory and fascist actions in Kashmir, despite the fact that president showed his concerns to mediate between India and Pakistan over the issue. The politics of Joe Biden is far different from that of Trump, and his liberal democratic beliefs will never support the ultra-nationalist and fascist approach of Modi in Kashmir.
(The writer is doing his master in international relations and has a wide experience in writings for national and international newspapers.)

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