The conventional war in the contemporary world has been changing. War stratagems have been evolving due to which war culture has been revamped. The modern world is witnessing the latest buzzword of hybrid war. This is a clandestine non-military effort on the part of the aggressor country. This warfare is waged by the aggressor state through unconventional methods and irregular forces so that to target the vulnerabilities of the opponent. Myriad of tacts like cyber warfare, sponsoring terrorism, promoting criminal activities, wimpishing the rival economy by many means, political interference in the targeted state, promotion of colour revolution, division of the vulnerable on sectarian and religious grounds, media war by propaganda dissemination, psychological operations and
false flag operations are the major tools, used in hybrid warfare. The rival country is engaged in multiple fronts. Innumerable countries including Pakistan, are the victim of this warfare. Since the inception of Pakistan, India has always tried to destabilize it so that to compel Pakistan to obey Indian hegemony. India has tried to balkanize Pakistan by adopting ample unconventional and irregular warfare strategies. The national security adviser of India Ajit Doval who , in 2014, presented his doctrine of defensive,
defensive offensive and offensive. He suggested that the vulnerabilities of Pakistan be exploited through defensive offensive mode. In his speech, Mr. Doval threatened Pakistan that you do one Mumbai you may lose Balochistan and that India will unconventionally use conventional means to achieve its goals. In conventional war, India cannot triumph over Pakistan. Being a nuclear power and having other sophisticated missile, warheads, strong air force, Muscular Navel, and herculean Army, Pakistanis are capable to defend the motherland. This capability of Pakistan has changed Indian plan from conventional war to unconventional, irregular and cyber warfare to destabilize Pakistan. The Indian
strategy is based on 3D objectives: to destabilize Pakistan, to demoralize and disintegrate it. These objectives have further five fronts such as proxy warfare, information warfare, cyber warfare, economic and political warfare. India has tried to use every possible step against Pakistan so that to attain these notorious ambitions. Time and again it has violated Line of Control so that to engage Pakistan. Further, to fulfill its malicious design of cold start doctrine, India desiderated to attack Pakistan by using its cold start doctrine of surgical Strike so that to psychologically down the morals of Pakistani forces and people
of Pakistan. That Indian plan was bulldozed and destroyed when Pakistan hit down its two planes and arrested its Pilot Abhinandon. Apart from this, time and again India has supported insurgents and separatists in Pakistan. India wanted to destabilise Pakistan by her Satanic CAW plan and by supporting Mukhti Bani. At present, Balochistan is its main target where India is interfering with its terrorist groups. To delicate the economy of Pakistan, the grid stations and pipelines of gas have been destroyed many
times. In addition to these groups, India has started its war in the economic hub of Pakistan, Karachi. Where the Indian support to a political party is no more hidden. Cyber warfare and the use of media as a propaganda tool are the most important points of hybrid warfare. In such kind of war, the aggressor state uses strategies to hack data and use international forum to malign the opponent. In this regard, Indian has propagated and employed lobbyists against Pakistan. In the UNO and FATF, India has tried to
alleged Pakistan as terrorism sponsored country. Furthermore, media, particularly, social media is used against Pakistan. Through its T V dramas and films, culture invasion is taking place and negative agenda setting has been promoting against Pakistan. Myriad of web pages propagate against the soft image of Pakistan. Apart from this, with the help of hackers India has tried to theft information and hack institutional web pages of Pakistan. In 2013 Indian hackers defaced many Pakistani websites. Recently according to the ISPR, during August 2020, many cyber-attacks of Indian intelligence were identified targeting mobile phones, and gadgets of government officials and army personnel. After the start of
CPEC, Indian American nexus is fully investing its energies to sabotage it. In this regard, Chinese Consulate in Karachi in 2018 was attacked by Indian sponsored proxies and terrorists. The example of Indian Spy Kulbhoshan Jadheve is not far, who was caught red_ handed and admitted to destabilize Pakistan and CPEC. India has her vested interests in stagnating Pakistan’s economy. Hence, CPEC which will be a game and fate changer for Pakistani economy, India is using its full energy to disrupt CPEC through its hybrid war tactics. Furthermore, agriculture is the jugular vein of Pakistan economy. This sector is dependent on the rivers which were given to Pakistan through Indus Water Treaty. India has been building more than 70 Dams on many rivers which is the violation of the treaty. This tact is the part of hybrid war so that to stagnant Pakistan’s economy. Though, conventional war and military force remain a nifty tool for deterrence, the hybrid warfare as a means to bleed the rival and vulnerable country like Pakistan, has been given huge propulsion in modern times warfare. No country is perfect. Pakistan also has many fault lines. It is vulnerable to Indian hybrid warfare. What is needed is a comprehensive strategy to defy Indian hybrid warfare. There is a dire need of political stabilization, adoption of comprehensive policies to overcome the grievances of the vulnerable, national economic
puissance, coherent arrangement of expertise in Cyber technology and establishing a hybrid defence system , creating awareness among the layman and encountering Indian propaganda internally and externally by means of Media.
(-The writer is a M.Phil Political science freelance columnist).