Karbla, a Message for Humanity


Malik Muhammad Aslam Awan
Some people as well as historians argue that the battle of Karbla was a fight between two princes, who have their claims to the throne. Such descriptions are tantamount to a biased and tilted narration of the saddest incidence. Muavia, the founder of Umyyad dynasty, had endeavored unethically to insert the authority of his progeny over the Muslims and established the tradition of tyrannical rule. He, also, violated the pact contracted between Hazrat Hassan (R.A) and himself. When Yazid assumed the power, he after sometime, felt that most people dislike him and send curses upon him, due to transgressing the
Islamic values and principles. He developed an opinion, after consultation with his companions, if he could make Hussain to accept allegiance, the whole of Arabs would surrender before his authority because Hussain (R.A) enjoyed deep respect in the hearts of Muslims, being the descendant of Muhammad (SAW) and righteous person of the influential clans of Arabs. Having developed this opinion he ordered the Governor of Madina to force Hussain to give allegiance to Yazid’s tyrannical rule. Imam Hussain could enjoy a peaceful life if he had accepted the sceptre and despotic rule of Yazid, and Hussain with his family and minor sons had not suffered insurmountable, unbearable casualties,
sufferings and hardships of life which is the rare example of the world history. Imam Hussain had no lust for authority, to exercise upon Muslims, he wanted the spread of the Message of the Last Prophet Muhammad (SAW), to serve the mankind and make the world peaceful abode for all. Yazid being a vicious soul earnestly desired to win allegiance of Hussain and other prominent Muslims by fear and force. Hussain stood against not a person but the system based on evils and satanic deeds. Yazid was an
unscrupulous person, having the agenda to establish his suzerainty, a composite of evils. Yazid had no agenda to serve the people but lascivious habits, indulging in condemnable vices was his order of the day. Hussain’s allegiance to Yazid meant to declare his viciouis habits as part of Islam, while Islam is abhorrent to all evils against humanity. Having close observation of Hussain’s struggle one would discern his wisdom to sacrifice his luxuries over principled life and pass through hardships of life to win favours of God Almighty. Hazrat Imam Hussain was the grandson of the last Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). The
incidence of Karbla is the saddest event of Muslim History. After the assassination of Hazrat Uthman (656 CE) Hazrat Ali (RA) were elected by the Majlis-e-Shoara consisting of pious Muslims of the age. Amir Mauvia was the then governor of Syria, he demanded that those involved in the assassination be brought to book. Hazrat Ali agreed to form a committee consisting of pious Muslims but Muavia remained adamant to hang the accused without fair trial. Hazrat Ali refused to hang the accused as it was against the law of Justice. In 10 th AH Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) announced to perform Hajj. Almost every prominent historian is of the view that the number of intending pilgrims, who accompanied him, ranged from One Lac to One Lac Twenty thousand. On 18 th Ze-ul-Hajj Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) on his
way back to Madina stayed at the site of “Gadir-e-Kham”. Roads from Syria, Yamen, Madina and Mecca lead and join the place known as Gadir-e-Kham, situated between Mecca and Madina. Hazrat Jabrail-e- Amin revealed himself on the Prophet and conveyed the message of Almighty Allah to the Prophet. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) delivered his renowned last sermon to the people and advised them that, I have left wo important things between you first, Quran-e-Majeed, which is a great code of life to the people to lead pious life second Ahl-e-Bait a source of religious inspiration and virtual guidance. He took the hands of Ali (R.A) into his own hands and prayed to the God Almighty to love those who love Hazrat
Ali and hate those who hate Ali (R.A). After the deliverance of the last sermon Hazrat Umar came forward and congratulated Ali (R.A) to be heightened to such a mastery position, to be the lord of Momineen after the last Prophet. And after Hazrat Umar the companions of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) congratulated Hazrat Ali (R.A). It is noteworthy that prior to the last sermon Muhammad (SAW) had announced on several occasions that he himself is the city of knowledge and Hazrat Ali is the door of that city. Furthermore, it must be remembered that Hazrat Ali was a righteous and God fearing personality, most dear to the last prophet being cousin and son in law of him. Hazrat Ali is greatly respected amongst the Muslims due to the sayings of Holy Prophet about him. If Imam Hussain had accepted the tyrant’s evil rule, the Muslim Ummah might have so far been indulged in deep vices and
the believers rightly feel the Muslims might be an Ummah, who had deserved the heavenly calamities as other nations, like Quom-e-Samood, Quom-e- Aad, Quom-e-loot and might have so far been victim of Allah Almighty’s displeasure and faced the fate of evil nations. Under the pretext of the assassination of Hazrat Uthman, the third caliph, Amir Muavia the then Governor Syria raised the banner of rebellion and invaded Hazrat Ali. Being defected from the central command of Hazrat Ali, Amir Mauvia with maneuvering argued Hazrat Ayesha and Hazrat Talha and Zubair, to take part in the battle against Ali Ibn-e-Abu Talib. The two pious persons whose names had been described by the Last Prophet in the list
of Ashra Mubashra, the ten companions of the last prophet Muhammad (SAW) who in their lifetime were described by the Prophet as “The Souls of Heaven”. Hazrat Talha and Hazrat Zubair embraced martyrdom during the battle and Hazrat Ayesha was made, by Hazrat Ali, to return to her home with due respect and honour. Amir Muavia fought battles with Hazrat Ali and after a reign of 4 years were assaulted by Abd al- Rahman Ibn Amr Ibn Muljam Al-Muradi during prayer and after two days, on 21 Ramzan 40 AH (28 January 661 CE) he embraced martyrdom due to the wounds on his head. After Hazrat Ali his elder son Imam Hassan was elected and Amir Muavia continued to wage wars against the grandson of the Last Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Hazrat Imam Hassan was of the opinion that in battles
between Amir Muavia and him, precious lives of Muslims are made victims and to save the Muslim Ummah he concluded a treaty with Amir Muavia that after the death of Muavia, Hassan Ibne Ali (RA) will be the real heir of the throne. It is noteworthy that before the time of his death Muavia nominated his son as successor and immediate heir of the throne and to make his unethical act warranted and Justified he tried to illure pious Muslims to muster their support and in failure he incarnated his desire by nominating Yazid as successor to the throne. Hussain decided to stand firmly before the tyranny of Yazid and undergone immeasurable hardships, which are beyond the courage of those who lead unprincipled life. When the Governor of Madina inserted undue pressure on Hussain Ibn-e-Ali (R.A) for allegiance of Yazid, he decided to move Mecca with the thought in his mind that the Yazid would surely respect Mecca as sacred city, where bloodshed is forbidden (Haram) but when he was performing pilgrimage, right one day before the last religious rituals he had to discard the pilgrimage, the most sacred religious ritual due to the sanctity of Mecca, because Yazid decided vehemently to make Mecca a battleground to assassinate Hussain during the pilgrimage, and Hussain (R.A) did not want bloodshed in Mecca. In the foregoing scenario he discarded the most sacred rituals and hurriedly moved towards Karbla. Hussain left for Kufa, wherefrom he received letters that the people are awaiting to come under his banned . Before his departure to Kufa he has sent his cousin Muslim bin Aqeel to Kufa where he was slain with his two minor children. Hussain R.A. with 72 companions were moving towards Kufa, when he was intimated that Muslim bin Aqeel has been slain by the Governor of Kufa. He was too much aggrieved at this sad incidence, yet he did not thought to return. When Hussain R.A. reached the land of “Nanwa” (Popularly known as Karbla) he pitched his camps there, where a vanguard of Yazids army surrounded him. On his refusal to accept their demand of allegiance to Yazid, Hurr the commander of Yazidi Army had a dialogue with Hussain and on refusal of Hussain Hurr ultimately defected Yazid Army
and came to Join Hussain’s little army of 72 persons. In the meantime 30,000 armed men surrounded the camps of Hussain and on the orders of Governor of Kufa, Ubaid Allah Ibne Ziad, a fierce battle started between Hussain R.A. and the forces of evil. He even with his minor sons and nephews, thirsty of two days, because Yazidi forces have stalled him to take water from Euphrates to quench their thirst, were mercilessly slained and Imam Hussain having thirsty of two days fought the forces of Yazid with unprecedented valour and bravery and at last when he bowed before Allah Almighty to perform his Asar
Prayer he was beheaded by Shimmer Ze-al-Joshan (10 October 680, 10 Muharram 61 AH). And the grandson of last prophet Muhammad (SAW) entrusted his soul to his Creator during prayer. None would find such a rare example of piety that 72 persons thirsty of two days have fought such a heavy contingent of 30,000 armed persons. Yazid and his followers are no more alive in history but Hussain will live till the doomsday and is still alive in the hearts of pious Muslims. His martyrdom had entrenched the Muslim from being involved in vicious and shameful life, which invite the wrath of Allah Almighty. May
Allah Almighty bless the Muslim community with the courage to lead life like the grandson of our beloved prophet Muhammad (SAW). International Leaders like Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela during their struggle against suzerainty, subjugation and injustice have often expressed their resolve to remain firm and stand against injustices like Hussain (A.S). Having an impartial analytical view of the incidence of Karbla it is transparently evident that Hussain did not stand against an individual, but an organized system of vices, subjugation, cruelty, mercilessness and injustice against the human beings.