India-Pakistan relations: Is war the only solution?


Shahzaib Memon
The children playing in the streets become very cheerful and wave their hands in the air when they suddenly witness the thundering sound of fighter jets flying by; and when they hear it from news that one  et has shot down another. They almost exhaust themselves of excitement. It doesn’t mean only children smile but also excites most young educated people in South Asia, they don’t care about non- traditional security and always talk about traditional security. Whenever it comes to Pakistan and India, people say they have been fighting from its inception and will always be fighting but no one thinks about
how dangerous the war is. Both nations should remember one thing, not only combatants die in war but civilians as well. There are so many unresolved disputes between India and Pakistan which cannot end with war, the only way to resolve conflicts is diplomacy. Lack of leadership is the main challenge, because of which India and Pakistan are not addressing their problems. Conflict resolution requires leadership that only heads of the state can provide but heads of state are more concerned about their conflict. Heads of government are responsible for building political coalitions for reconciliation and protecting their nations from violent opposition are likely to hit the peace process. Western world has fought numerous battles, perhaps in the shape of ‘Thirty years of war’ or ‘World wars’ this is why the west has come to the conclusion that war is not the solution. South Asian countries have never waged big battles, because of this South Asians get excited when fighter jets pass over their heads. Do we have to take our lesson only through war and murder of innocent? Or can we take it from history books too?
It seems obviously better to read history and take lessons from it, rather than through war and murder.
India and Pakistan’s history is full of conflicts. Since independence 1947, both have had several conflicts which have intensified with the passage of time. The most difficult problem is the 70 years legacy of violence and thousands of dead from both sides, citizens and the government have to forget if they have to move forward. Kashmir remains the central focus since inception. The four points by Musharraf may hold the most promise to resolve the issue. 1. Demilitarization 2. Self Governance without independence
3. Free cross border travel 4. Joint Supervision for the two parts of Jammu and Kashmir Musharraf’s formula should be stepping stone towards regional stability and India-Pakistan reconciliation. The flip flop policy of India is the reason behind not achieving long lasting peace. In India, the leaders take a strong anti-Pakistan stance during elections such as starting protest against Pakistan throughout the country, cease fire violation, banning Pakistani film, declaring Pakistan as state sponsor of terrorism and this time Indian PM also went one step ahead with limited surgical strikes as well. Once elected whoever
it is, they start showing a softening of stance. The peace process must be continued, whatever solution to the Indian-Pakistan problem can be accomplished only by sticking to one policy which is talks. There is so much to lose from war- combatants, civilians, resources. There is so much to gain from peace- freedom, welfare, human development, care. -The writer is a National University of Modern Languages Islamabad Discipline: BS-IR 6th Semester.