Raja Furqan Ahmed
The diplomatic reshuffle in the Middle East regions seen on Thursday when Israel and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) agrees to normalize their relations in a deal brokered by US President Donald Trump. Israel and UAE have reached a historic deal that will lead to normalisation of bilateral relations. The agreement also knows as "Abraham Accord" stated that Israel will suspend its plans annex Palestinian
areas of the occupied West Bank. The UAE is the first Gulf Arab and the third Arab nation to reach such a deal with Israel, after Egypt and Jordan. Bahrain and Oman are also expected to be the next state to establish official ties with Israel. According to a joint statement, Israel and the UAE will exchange embassies and ambassadors, and they plan to sign bilateral agreements regarding investment, tourism, direct flights, security, telecommunications, technology, energy, healthcare, culture, the environment
and other areas of mutual benefit. The relations between both states start normalizing when Israeli culture and sports minister Miri Regev in October 2018 visit UAE, became the first Israeli to visit that state. As her visit witness that UAE had undercover relation with the Jewish state. Later on, Israeli Foreign Minister, as well as Communications Minister, travelled to UAE. The Palestinian Authority and pro-Palestinian states condemned the action stated that this betrayal of the Palestinian cause. One of the interesting thing which we have seen after this agreement was the reaction of Turkey. Ankara called
UAE decision as hypocritical behaviour. According to the Turkish foreign minister: "history and the conscience of the region's peoples will not forget and never forgive this hypocritical behaviour of the UAE, betraying the Palestinian cause for the sake of its narrow interests." President Recep Tayyip Erdogan threatened to suspend diplomatic ties with UAE. His statement was highlighted in the globe but
on the other side, the reality is far different from the act. Turkey was the first Muslim-majority country to recognise Israel in 1949. Turkey opposes the UAE’s deal with Israel but turkey already has diplomatic ties with a Jewish state. The first diplomatic mission by turkey to Israel was launched in January 1950. In 1958 both state prime ministers met in a secret meeting in which they discussed future cooperation.
Later on, ups and down comes in their relations due to the regional conflict such as the Arab war, Palestinian cause etc. In 1992 both states re-establish relations which were cut previously. To improve relations, Israel established two diplomatic missions in Turkey, one with an embassy in the capital Ankara and another consulate in Istanbul. Turkey has also Embassy in Tel Aviv. When Erdogan became prime minister in 2002, the new era of relations started. Turkish Prime Minister also visited Israel in 2005 in which he called on the Israeli government to "work together" for peace in the Middle East
region. Turkey and Israel also signed a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) in which tariffs and non-tariff barriers were eliminated. According to the 2018 figure, Turkey is the Israel major trading partner country. Turkey export products to Israel include textile, iron, Chemicals and oil distillates, steel, land and sea and air vehicles, along with ceramic and glass products. Turkey also purchases high-tech defence equipment, whereas Turkey supplies Israel with military boots and uniforms. Turkish Airlines is the most frequent airline to fly to Israel. According to data from the Ministry of Commerce, Turkey’s foreign trade volume with Israel has stood at around $5 billion – $6 billion since 2013, reaching a
maximum level of $6.6 billion in 2019, with $4.4 billion in exports and $1.6 billion in imports. In January 2020, foreign trade with the country further increased. Turkey considers Israel's sixth-largest exporter.
According to the Israeli Chamber of Commerce, Israeli exports to Turkey rose 39% to $950 million, and imports from Turkey rose 16% to $1.05 billion. No doubt, UAE decision regarding the normalization of ties with Israel has an impact on Palestine cause but due to the regional threats, UAE has to take that initiative. Turkey and Iran playing a key role in regional conflicts so to counter UAE and other gulf countries have to shake hands with Israel directly or indirectly. On the other hand, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is known as the so-called leader of the Islamic world leads from his words and speeches
rather than his action, which is clearly scened as the hypocritical behaviour. Before threatening and suspending diplomatic ties with UAE Turkey must go for the suspension of Trade and diplomatic agreement with Israel as Israel violating the international agreement as well as basic human rights from a long time so that actions speak louder than words.
Raja Furqan Ahmed