Karbla, the Saddest Incidence of Muslim History


Malik Muhammad Aslam Awan
Some people as well as historians argue that the battle of Karbla was a fight between two princes, who have their claims to the throne. Such descriptions are tantamount to a biased and tilted narration of the saddest incidence. Muavia, the founder of Umyyad dynasty, had endeavored unethically to insert the authority of his progeny over the Muslims and established the tradition of tyrannical rule. He, also, violated the pact contracted between Hazrat Hussain (R.A) and himself. When Yazid assumed the power,
he after sometime, felt that most people dislike him and send curses upon him, due to transgressing the Islamic values and principles. He developed an opinion, after consultation with his companions, if he could make Hussain to accept allegiance, the whole of Arabs would surrender before his authority because Hussain (R.A) enjoyed deep respect in the hearts of Muslims, being the descendant of Muhammad (SAW) and righteous person of the influential clans of Arabs. Having developed this opinion he ordered the Governor of Madina to force Hussain to give allegiance to Yazid’s tyrannical rule. Imam
Hussain could enjoy a peaceful life if he had accepted the sceptre and despotic rule of Yazid, and Hussain with his family and minor sons had not suffered insurmountable, unbearable casualties, sufferings and hardships of life which is the rare example of the world history. Imam Hussain had no lust for authority, to exercise upon Muslims, he wanted the spread of the Message of the Last Prophet Muhammad (SAW), to serve the mankind and make the world peaceful abode for all. Yazid being a vicious soul earnestly desired to win allegiance of Hussain and other prominent Muslims by fear and force. Hussain stood against not a person but the system based on evils and satanic deeds. Yazid was an
unscrupulous person, having the agenda to establish his suzerainty, a composite of evils. Yazid had no agenda to serve the people but lascivious habits, indulging in condemnable vices was his order of the day. Hussain’s allegiance to Yazid meant to declare his viciouis habits as part of Islam, while Islam is abhorrent to all evils against humanity. Having close observation of Hussain’s struggle one would discern his wisdom to sacrifice his luxuries over principled life and pass through hardships of life to win favours of God Almighty. Hazrat Imam Hussain was the grandson of the last Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). The
incidence of Karbla is the saddest event of Muslim History. After the assassination of Hazrat Uthman (656 CE) Hazrat Ali (RA) were elected by the Majlis-e-Shoara consisting of pious Muslims of the age. Amir Mauvia was the then governor of Syria, he demanded that those involved in the assassination be brought to book, Hazrat Ali agreed to form a committee consisting of pious Muslims but Muavia remained adamant to hang the accused without fair trial. Hazrat Ali refused to hang the accused as it was against the law of Justice. In 10 th AH Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) announced to perform Hajj. Almost every prominent historian is of the view that the number of intending pilgrims, who accompanied him,
ranged from One Lac to One Lac Twenty thousand. On 18 th Ze-ul-Hajj Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) on his way back to Madina stayed at the site of “Gadir-e-Kham”. Roads from Syria, Yamen, Madina and Mecca lead and join the place known as Gadir-e-Kham, situated between Mecca and Madina. Hazrat Jabrail-e- Amin revealed himself on the Prophet and conveyed the message of Almighty Allah to the Prophet. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) delivered his renowned last sermon to the people and advised them that, I have left two important things between you first, Quran-e-Majeed, which is a great code of life to the
people to lead pious life second Ahl-e-Bait a source of religious inspiration and virtual guidance. He took the hands of Ali (R.A) into his own hands and prayed to the God Almighty to love those who love Hazrat Ali and hate those who hate Ali (R.A). After the deliverance of the last sermon Hazrat Umar came forward and congratulated Ali (R.A) to be heightened to such a mastery position, to be the lord of Momineen after the last Prophet.
And after Hazrat Umar the companions of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) congratulated Hazrat Ali (R.A). It is noteworthy that prior to the last sermon Muhammad (SAW)has announced on several occasions that he himself is the city ofknowledge and Hazrat Ali is the door of that city. Furthermore, it mustbe remembered that Hazrat Ali was a righteous and God fearingpersonality, most dear to the last prophet being cousin and son in lawof him. Hazrat Ali is greatly respected amongst the Muslims due to the sayings of Holy Prophet about him.If Imam Hussain had accepted the tyrant’s evil rule, the Muslim Ummah might have so far been indulged in deep vices and the believers rightly feel the Muslims
might be an Ummah, who had deserved the heavenly calamities as other nations, like Quom-e-Samood, Quom-e-Aad, Quom-e-loot and might have so far been victim of Allah Almighty’sdispleasure and faced the fate of evil nations.Under the pretext of the assassination of Hazrat Uthman, thethird caliph, Amir Muavia the then Governor Syria raised the banner ofrebellion and invaded Hazrat Ali. Being defected from the centralcommand of Hazrat Ali, Amir Mauvia with maneuvering argued HazratAyesha and
Hazrat Talha and Zubair, to take part in the battle againstAli Ibn-e-Abu Talib. The two pious persons whose names have beendescribed by the Last Prophet in the list of Ashra Mubashra, the ten companions of the last prophet Muhammad (SAW) who in their lifetimewere described by the Prophet as “The Souls of Heaven”.Hazrat Talha and Hazrat Zubair embraced martyrdom during thebattle and Hazrat Ayesha
was made, by Hazrat Ali, to return to herhome with due respect and honour. Amir Muavia fought battles with Hazrat Ali and after a reign of 4 years were assaulted by Abd al-Rahman Ibn Amr Ibn Muljam Al- Muradi during prayer and after twodays, on 21 Ramzan 40 AH (28 January 661 CE) he embraced martyrdom due to the wounds on his head.After Hazrat Ali his elder son Imam Hassan was elected and AmirMuavia continued to wage wars against the grandson of the LastProphet Muhammad (SAW). Hazrat Imam Hassan was of the opinionthat in battles between Amir Muavia and him, precious lives of Muslimsare made victims and to save the Muslim Ummah he concluded a treaty with Amir
Muavia that after the death of Muavia, Hassan Ibne Ali (RA)will be the real heir of the throne. It is noteworthy that before the time of his death Muavia nominated his son as successor and immediate heir of the throne and to make his unethical act warranted and Justified hetried to illure pious Muslims to muster their support and in failure heincarnated his desire by nominating Yazid as successor to the throne.Hussain decided to stand firmly before the tyranny of Yazid andundergone immeasurable hardships, which are beyond the courage ofthose who lead unprincipled life. When the G vernor of Madinainserted undue pressure on Hussain Ibn-e-Ali (R.A) for allegiance ofYazid, he decided to move
Mecca with the thought in his mind that theYazid would surely respect Mecca as sacred city, where bloodshed is forbidden (Haram) but when he was performing pilgrimage, right oneday before the last religious rituals he had to discard the pilgrimage, themost sacred religious ritual due to the sanctity of Mecca, because Yaziddecided vehemently to make Mecca a battleground to assassinate Hussain during
the pilgrimage, and Hussain (R.A) did not want bloodshed in Mecca. In the foregoing scenario he discarded the mostsacred rituals and hurriedly moved towards Karbla.Hussain left for Kufa, where from he received letters that thepeople are awaiting to come under his banner. Before his departure toKufa he has sent his cousin Muslim bin Aqeel to Kufa where he wasslain with his two minor children. Hussain R.A. with 72 companionswere moving towards Kufa, when he was intimated that Muslim binAqeel has
been slain by the Governor of Kufa. He was too muchaggrieved at this sad incidence, yet he did not thought to return. WhenHussain R.A. reached the land of “Nanwa” (Popularly known as Karbla)he pitched his camps there, where a vanguard of Yazids armysurrounded him. On his refusal to accept their demand of allegiance to Yazid, Hurr the commander of Yazidi Army had a dialogue with Hussainand on refusal of Hussain Hurr ultimately defected Yazid Army andcame to Join Hussain’s little army of 72 persons. In the meantime30,000 armed men surrounded the camps of Hussain and on the orders of Governor of Kufa, Ubaid Allah Ibne Ziad, a fierce battle started between Hussain R.A. and the forces of
evil. He even with his minorsons and nephews, thirsty of two days, because Yazidi forces haves stalled him to take water from Euphrates to quench their thirst, weremercilessly slained and Imam Hussain having thirsty of two days foughtthe forces of Yazid with unprecedented valour and bravery and at lastwhen he bowed before Allah Almighty to perform his Asar Prayer hewas beheaded by Shimmer Ze-al-Joshan (10 October 680, 10 Muharram61 AH). And the grandson of last prophet Muhammad (SAW) entrustedhis
soul to his Creator during prayer. None would find such a rareexample of piety that 72 thirsty of tw days have fought such a heavycontingent of 30,000 armed persons. Yazid and his followers are nomore alive in history but Hussain will live till the doomsday and is stillalive in the hearts of pious Muslims. His martyrdom had entrenched theMuslim from being involved in vicious and shameful life, which invite the wrath of Allah Almighty. May Allah Almighty bless the Muslim community with the courage to lead life like the grandson of our beloved prophet Muhammad