Syed Mohammad Ali Hosseini;
Palestine was among former Ottoman territories placed under UK administration by the League of Nations in 1922. The British Mandate incorporated the “Balfour Declaration” of 1917, expressing support for “the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people”. During the Mandate, from 1922 to 1947, large-scale Jewish immigration, mainly from Eastern Europe took place, the numbers swelling in the 1930s with the Nazi persecution. Benefiting from false and inapplicable slogans like “A land without a people for a people without a land”, and US absolute support, these large migrations, coinciding with plunder of Palestinian properties and infringement of their essential rights by the occupiers, finally resulted in the establishment of the Zionist regime. Following the illegal acts of Britain during the trusteeship period, in 1948 the Zionist regime was recognised by the United States and later by other countries such as the former Soviet Union, whereas the people of the territory of Palestine were never consulted about their fate. In fact, the Zionist regime was established without allowing the native population of the territory of Palestine to exercise their right to self-determination. The measures that led to the formation of the Zionist regime were contrary to international law. According to Article 22 of the Covenant of the League of Nations, Britain had no sovereignty over Palestine and should have allowed the exercise of the right to self-determination, namely holding a free referendum with the participation of all inhabitants of Palestine. Not only this important didn’t happen, but maximum pressures like subjugation of opponents, enforced displacement the Palestinian intellectuals, evacuation of indigenous Palestinians from their homeland and many other ferocious actions occurred against them. Negligence of the then big powers to the Islamic countries demands for resistance to and ceasing immigrations coincided with violence against the people of Palestine and led to conflicts in the area. During this asymmetric conflict, the occupier was endowed with highest military technology and arsenal while the people of Palestine just had some stones in their hands to throw. The people of Palestine were losing both their land and entity and Zionists were gaining both power and lands by usurpation. From that time, some proposals were offered to the UN to whitewash heinous crimes perpetrated by expansionist Zionists in Palestine; also different resolutions were issued to orally condemn the Zionist regime atrocities in international and regional organisations, yet none of them led to a breakthrough for the sake of oppressed people of Palestine. The philosophy behind the establishment of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) in September 25, 1969 (following the criminal arson of Al-Aqsa Mosque in occupied Jerusalem) was to support Palestine, but it has so far miserably failed to liberate the long-persecuted Palestinians from the yoke of the imperial Zionist regime due to its members divisions and negative role of interventionists. The defeat of proposed plans and ratified resolutions that supposedly wanted to bringing peace and stability for Palestine, paved the ground for the Zionist regime to first occupy and then annex Gaza Strip and the West Bank (including East Jerusalem) that resulted in a great exodus of Palestinians to other countries. Unsuccessful attempts of the UN in defending the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people for self-determination, national independence, sovereignty, and returning their homeland, forced the Palestinians to resort to the first and second Intifada. From the struggle inception till today, Palestinians are yearning for international support for their need to at least oppose Zionist settlements and Zionist actions in changing the status of Jerusalem, and they are also longing for their right for realization of other internationally recognized legitimate, inalienable rights enshrined in international conventions like ICCPR(International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights) and ICESCR(International Convention on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights). From the time the Palestine question was referred to multilateral organisations till now, Islamic countries rendered some efforts to push these organisations towards full realisation of Palestinian rights but due to US interference most of the UN decisions and resolutions came fanatically in favour of Zionists and with minimum attention to Palestinian rights. Putting aside the unjust and one-sided approaches in most of UN initiatives (from the Human Rights Commission to Human Rights Council and from UN Security Council to the subsidiary bodies of General Assembly), even these minimum rights of Palestinians faced considerable impediments to reach tangible results. These facts show that avaricious Zionists and their supporters were not even ready to grant minimum advantages to Palestinians in the above-mentioned efforts. History is a good witness of the fact that how the US blocked Human Rights Commission because this organisation was seriously condemning the brutal activities of the Zionist regime in Palestinian lands. As the UN went weaker in helping the Palestinians and western countries blind to the brutalities, the Zionist regime utilised further savagery in violating the rights of these defenceless people. The atrocities got even more severe after seeing the full support of US behind its bully. What deteriorated the situation for Palestinians even further was the passive gesture of some Arab states towards new agendas, leading to sweeping the question of Palestine under the rug of betrayal. One of the recent efforts for sweeping the issue was the doomed so-called peace plan by Trump entitled, the ‘deal of the century’ that not only doesn’t have any landscape for prosperity and stability for Palestinians but makes the Zionist regime more vigorous to claim new territories for annexation. One can see the deal as a smokescreen for annexation or the ‘slap of the century’; this plan won’t bring any amelioration for the already struggle-stricken situation.
The question of Palestine; from vocal to practical support
Syed Mohammad Ali Hosseini;