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Artificial Intelligence(AI)…… The Changing world’s Picture

Saddia Usman,

Now a days every one talks about the artificial intelligence and its importance in developing world. Here the question arises in any man mind that how the intelgence could be artificial and what could be done with it.
Artificial intelligence is an area of computer science that emphasizes the creation of intelligent machines that work and react like humans. Some of the activities computers with artificial intelligence are designed for include: Speech recognition. Learning. The value of Artificial Intelligence applications lies mainly in the fact that computers can do things faster than humans – interpreting images and text, finding patterns in figures, and running intelligent searches.
In the 1940s and 50s, a handful of scientists from a variety of fields (mathematics, psychology, engineering, economics and political science) began to discuss the possibility of creating an artificial brain. The field of artificial intelligence research was founded as an academic discipline in 1956.
Artificial intelligence is taking over Human mind a rapid pace, From SIRI to self-driving cars, artificial intelligence (AI) is progressing rapidly. While science fiction often portrays A as robots with human-like characteristics.
Artificial intelligence (AI) will be a “game changer” in improving the lives of the world’s poor. The technology needed to revolutionize inefficient, ineffective food and healthcare systems in developing countries is well within grasp.
“In low-income areas, agriculture and healthcare are two critical ecosystems that we can apply AI to immediately and could yield the fruit in time not more than 5 years.
Artificial Intelligence will be a game changer, and benefit billions. Today two billion people in the world go hungry, so righting the imbalanced distribution of food and dealing with the worldwide agricultural system is a good start. Technologies such as GPS have increased the yield in developed countries but have not been widely used in developing countries. Now we can level that playing field with smart phones and access to the cloud.
Artificial intelligence today is properly known as Narrow Artificial Intelligence. in that it is designed to perform a narrow task (e.g. only facial recognition or only internet searches or only driving a car)…But in the long term goal for AI is that it could do any job assigned by functionality.
In Pakistan, National Centre of Artificial Intelligence at National University of Science and Technology was inaugurated this March ( March 2018), which indeed will go a long way in creating research based environment, producing professional and high quality engineers in the field of Information & Communication Technologies (ICT), and creating ways to step in the field of innovative and cost effective product design. Artificial Intelligence (AI) indeed is transforming the technology world; in ways, we had not expected a few years back. Nowadays AI is helping in making effective decisions in medicine, healthcare, science, sports and many other fields. It is heartening to see that Pakistan has also taken some small but important steps in AI. The Ministry of Information Technology and Telecommunication is developing a group of intelligent cooperative fire-fighting and disaster mitigation mobile robots which can perform critical operations in adverse circumstances and hazardous environments. Also just last year we saw an Information Technology Company launching ‘Dante’ content writer programmer which has enabled computers to write poetry, novel and news reports by collecting data from local and international news outlets. Similarly, work has been undertaken to introduce smart irrigation and agricultural systems for water resource management and preserving food quality, smart health care system for monitoring oxygen concentration and heart rate of patients. These indeed are positive developments and by staying focused on research in different sectors and intelligent decisions, we can definitely achieve the long cherished dream of achieving self-reliance by bringing value addition in different sectors that indeed will not only bring industrial revolution but also create thousands of new jobs for our youth. For this the higher educational institutions will have to keep their focus on the promotion of quality research and that too in different sectors. The industrial and corporate sector also needs to join in the efforts to make Pakistan artificially intelligent. Hence AI can bring the change in society by creating job such as, computer engineers, Algorithm Specialist, Consultants, Mechanical engineers, manufacturing and electrical engineers, Surgical Technicians, health professionals, Aviation specialist, graphic and art designers, Producer in entertainment industry, Architect, and most importantly in textile industry.

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