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India An Apartheid State By Junaid Ahmad: A review

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Maemuna Sadaf
Recently published book “India An apartheid state” is written by Junaid Ahmed. In this book, Junaid Ahmed covered all aspects of Indian society, culture, behavior towards neighboring countries.
The author highlighted mindset Right from the birth of “Hinduism” to till date. Details have been provided about Hindu society, behaviors of upper class Hindus towards Lower classes or minorities along with attitude towards neighboring countries. Writer depicted Hinduism, worship, idolism the concept of literally hundreds of gods and goddess, History, its doctrine and mythology based beliefs detail analysis of in-contemporary Indian society and an understanding of its apartheid based caste system.
Indian strategy is to control and suppress religious people, ethnic Dalits, Muslims and other minorities. The Kalelkar, Mandal and other commissions were established but they all failed because of concrete Hindu beliefs. Analysis shows that the constitutional guarantees and recommendations of commission are only theoretical in nature and entirely opposed to the ground realities since creation of India. Hinduism has been at draggers drawn with all other religious minorities and scheduled lower castes. The social and religious prosecution of minorities in India has always been ignored and hidden under the banner of secularism. Writing more, this book has highlighted Hindu-Muslim riots, Upper class Hindu-dalits Riots, Hindu-Sikh riots, Hinduism and women leading to higher level of human trafficking and abuse.
One can also find complete political and social details of Kashmir’s Freedom movement along with chronological account of events in Kashmir valley. It also documents the Indian military strategy to curb the legitimate and globally recognized struggle of Kashmiris. The Indian democracy’s hypocrisy becomes more evident when Kashmir Freedom struggle is seen in details. Kashmir’s occupation not only questions the credibility of Indian Democracy but also at the Western Champions of Human Rights and liberal values.
On the other hand, currently India faces insurgency movements in more than 200 districts. India remains one of the most vulnerable countries within South Asia. Political victimization, social marginalization, based on apartheid policies and economic deprivation in India resulted in these insurgencies.
The book provides evidence to provide Indian-insurgences to destabilize region especially Pakistan, as well as evidence about Indian involvement in Pakistan by using Afghanistan’s soil, to foster unrest and terrorism. Keeping in view the changing dynamics of global politics, the book presents the regional context and Indian desire for hegemony over its neighbors. The book also recalls India’s chorographical efforts in creation of Bangladesh. The section on Pakistan deals with the India’s role in promoting terrorism through political parties like Mutahida Quomi Movement (MQM) and sub nationalist groups in Baluchistan. The Indian support to various terrorist organizations like the Tehreek Taliban Pakistan (TTP) , Baluchistan Liberation Front (BLF), Baluchistan Republic Army, Baluchistan Liberation Army (BLA) have been provided with adequate references and firsthand accounts and confession of terrorists. The apprehended Indian RAW agents have been dealt in details.
The chapter named Why West Supports India deals with western and Indian proximity. It looks at the social and cultural context of West and India, also provides details on their cultural affinity. It addresses the geopolitical and geo-economics convergence of West and India with special emphasis on China containment and regional changing apparatus.
After reading this book, one can understand fully about Indian strategy to control minorities and weakening of neighboring countries. The said book exposes the null and void claims of Indian democracy, secularism, economic prosperity and its claims of becoming a regional super power. It provides the narrative of the Indian government as it projects its success and investigate how the narrative has been constructed and propagated. In nutshell, the book is an insight into Indian society, its history and a review of its democracy. The sources provided in this book are mainly collected from Indian Government reports and documents, reports of globally recognized organizations, International Human Rights organizations, books by Indian and Western authors, newspapers and journals. (Given in the notes following each chapter).

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