Pakistan calls for resolution of Palestine, Kashmir issues

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UNITED NATIONS: Pakistan called for resolving two longstanding and internationally recognised disputes of Palestine and Jammu and Kashmir at the United Nations on Wednesday.
Speaking in the Security Council debate on challenges to international peace and security, Pakistan’s Ambassador to the UN Dr Maleeha Lodhi said that the Palestinian and Kashmiri people continue to suffer horrific human rights violations at the hands of occupying forces, while the world continues to watch without addressing these egregious situations.
She stressed that their non-resolution was compounding the challenges the world is facing to peace and security.
She also called for the implementation of all resolutions of the Security Council uniformly and non-selectively, adding that selective implementation weakens multilateralism and the credibility of the UN, compounds conflicts, and intensifies the suffering of the affected people.
The Pakistani envoy told the 15-member council that efforts to change the status of Jerusalem threaten to drive an already volatile the Middle East into further turbulence and chaos.
Painting a bleak picture of the challenges besetting the world today, Ambassador Lodhi said that conflicts continue to rage across the world, from Africa to Afghanistan.
“Civil wars and factional fighting in Syria, Libya and Yemen are becoming more vicious and consequential, generating record levels of human displacement”, she added.
She also referred to Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who had warned that in the Korean peninsula, ‘we may be sleep-walking into a catastrophe’. “All this is compounding the challenges of a more turbulent and volatile world”, she remarked.
Addressing the root causes of conflict remains the best conflict prevention and resolution strategy, she said.
Dr Lodhi said that to address the complex contemporary challenges to peace and security a clear shift in approach from an emphasis on military action to negotiation and finding political solutions were required.
Ambassador Lodhi emphasised the need to identify the drivers of conflict to effectively address these challenges that include unresolved long-standing conflicts and disputes, foreign military interventions, political and economic injustice, terrorism and violent extremism, and displacement of populations due to persecution, poverty and conflict.
While describing UN peacekeeping as the most cost-effective tool for the maintenance of international peace and security, Ambassador Lodhi said that peacekeeping, on its own, would not be able to deliver the dividends of peace. She underscored the need to strengthen Peacekeeping through support for political solutions to make peace durable and sustainable.

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