Mian Majid Ali
Both documents were revolutionary in their expansion of the rights of citizens. Both constitutions are widely considered major steps forward in the establishment of democracy as we know it. Although in both documents, the bureaucracy is essential to run the state and a head of the state as well. Besides this, both were believed in pluralistic society. Many Islamic sources are uses in judgments of the US apex court. In one respect the Constitution of Medina was actually more progressive than the original form of the US Constitution: Slavery. While neither document eliminated slavery, the Constitution of Medina regulated it and required that free persons could not be made into slaves. The US Constitution did not regulate slavery, in fact it mentions slavery except to declare that it is legal, establish the right of slaveowners to pursue slaves across state lines, and declare that slaves count as 3/5 of a person for purposes of determining representation in Congress. The amendment to the US Constitution that ended slavery would not be added until almost a century later Conclusion The Charter of Madina was the written constitution that the entire mankind had first seen and received. It was formulated in 622 AD.
The years when the other Charters or Constitutions or renowned Instruments came to being are as follows: Magna Charta in 1215, Petition of Right (Second Magna Charta) in 1628, Habeas Corpus Act in 1679, The Bill of Rights in 1689, The First Reform Act in 1832, The Second Reform Act in 1867, The Third Reform Act in 1884 and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, European Convention on Human Rights in 1950 and International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights in 1966. The Muslims in the world have many historical contributions in different spheres of human lives. So, the Madina is not only a belief but also a described in form of constitution as a first Islamic and constitutional state. The writer has done his MSc in Criminology and Security Studies. Currently, he is serving as a government officer.Madina is the first holy city of the Islam, located in western Arabia. Although, sometimes described as the Constitution of Madina, this was in effect the constitutional formation of the first Islamic state. The charter of Madina is the first written constitution in the history of mankind whereas many historians believe that the Magna Carta is the first written constitution. According to Dr. Muhammad Hamidullah, one of the most eminent Muslim researchers and scholar of 20th century, The Charter of Madina, was the first written constitution which preceded the Magna Carta 1215 and American constitution 1787. Evolution of fundamental human rights and constitutional developments in the West The history of human rights in the West traces its origin from ancient Greece and Rome. Athenians were permitted to take part in the parliamentary meetings. The Magna Carta of USA has played a significant role in the modern history of human rights. The Magna Carta of 1215 is considered a milestone in fostering the civil liberties. These rights were further widened through the Bill of Rights 1639.In United States, these rights were granted through the Bill of Rights in 1791.This Bill is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the United States constitution. InFrance, the basic rights of citizens and civil liberties were granted on August 26, 1789 right after the French Revolution through Declaration of rights of man and of the citizens. The Background of the Charter of Madinah Prophet Muhammad (SAW) conveyed the message of Allah in Makkah for about 13 years in the face of staunch opposition.
Madina is believed or described 1 st Islamic state in history-(III)
Mian Majid Ali